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What are human rights?

  • Human rights are the basic freedoms and protections that people are entitled to simply because they are human beings. They are enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  • Human rights are universal: They belong to everyone, regardless of race, sexuality, citizenship, gender, nationality, ethnicity, or ability.  
  • Human rights are inherent: We are all born with human rights. They belong to people simply because they are human beings.
  • Human rights are inalienable: They cannot be taken away. No person, corporation, organisation or government can deprive a person of his or her rights.  
  • Human rights can be violated: Although they are inalienable, they are not invulnerable. Violations can prevent people from enjoying their rights, but they do not stop the rights existing.
  • Human rights are essential: They are essential for freedom, justice, and peace.

Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights